There are clear biological differences between men’s and women’s sleep. Both circadian rhythms of melatonin and body temperature are set to an earlier hour in women. On average, women go to bed earlier and wake up earlier than men, while they are more likely to rate themselves as morning types than men.
Sleep problems are often mistakenly considered a normal part of aging, but in contrary to the myths, dangers associated with insomnia in older adults are markedly significant.
Most of us have some degree of sleep preference for late nights or early mornings. The preferences of night owls and early riser tendencies are driven by some biological and genetic forces. Whether you are an early bird or a night owl may not only determine when you prefer to sleep, it can also affect your personality and quality of life.
There is a two way connection between depression and sleep problems. Disturbances in one’s biological clock may cause a neurobiological disorder which in turn can be demonstrated as depressive symptoms; on the other hand, mood decline can affect the biological clock and cause insomnia and circadian rhythm sleep disorders.
The association between high blood pressure and increased risk of cardiovascular events, such as heart attacks and stroke, is well established. However, recent studies have highlighted a link between poor quality of sleep, hypertension and cardiovascular events, and challenge current diagnostic testing and potential treatments.